Open Access

Lifting matroid divisors on tropical curves

Research in the Mathematical Sciences20152:23

https://doi.org/10.1186/s40687-015-0041-x

Received: 25 February 2015

Accepted: 11 September 2015

Published: 10 November 2015

Abstract

Tropical geometry gives a bound on the ranks of divisors on curves in terms of the combinatorics of the dual graph of a degeneration. We show that for a family of examples, curves realizing this bound might only exist over certain characteristics or over certain fields of definition. Our examples also apply to the theory of metrized complexes and weighted graphs. These examples arise by relating the lifting problem to matroid realizability. We also give a proof of Mnëv universality with explicit bounds on the size of the matroid, which may be of independent interest.

Keywords

Tropical curveMatroidLiftingSpecialization inequality