Open Access

Rankin–Selberg L-functions and the reduction of CM elliptic curves

Research in the Mathematical Sciences20152:22

DOI: 10.1186/s40687-015-0040-y

Received: 16 March 2015

Accepted: 26 August 2015

Published: 29 September 2015

Abstract

Let q be a prime and \(K={\mathbb Q}(\sqrt{-D})\) be an imaginary quadratic field such that q is inert in K. If \(\mathfrak {q}\) is a prime above q in the Hilbert class field of K, there is a reduction map
$$\begin{aligned} r_{\mathfrak q}:\;{\mathcal {E\ell \ell }}({\mathcal {O}}_K) \longrightarrow {\mathcal {E\ell \ell }}^{ss}({\mathbb F}_{q^2}) \end{aligned}$$
from the set of elliptic curves over \(\overline{{\mathbb Q}}\) with complex multiplication by the ring of integers \({\mathcal {O}}_K\) to the set of supersingular elliptic curves over \({\mathbb {F}}_{q^2}.\) We prove a uniform asymptotic formula for the number of CM elliptic curves which reduce to a given supersingular elliptic curve and use this result to deduce that the reduction map is surjective for \(D \gg _{\varepsilon } q^{18+\varepsilon }.\) This can be viewed as an analog of Linnik’s theorem on the least prime in an arithmetic progression. We also use related ideas to prove a uniform asymptotic formula for the average
$$\begin{aligned} \sum _{\chi }L(f \times \Theta _\chi ,1/2) \end{aligned}$$
of central values of the Rankin–Selberg L-functions \({L(f \times {\Theta _{\chi}},s)}\) where f is a fixed weight 2, level q arithmetically normalized Hecke cusp form and \(\Theta _\chi \) varies over the weight 1, level D theta series associated to an ideal class group character \(\chi \) of K. We apply this result to study the arithmetic of Abelian varieties, subconvexity, and \(L^4\) norms of autormorphic forms.

Keywords

Supersingular elliptic curves Equidistribution Gross points Heegner points Mean values of L-functions \(L^4\) norm